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To consult with a foot doctor at Tidewater Orthopaedics,
please make your appointment online 

Procedures and Conditions of the Foot:


This deformity affects the joint at the base of the big toe. It is a bony bump beneath the skin on the inner side of the foot. A bunion starts small, but over time it can grow to become very large. Bunions are more common in women. Pressure in the ball of the foot causes the bones to shift. This can be caused by high heels or shoes that are too tight or too narrow leading to arthritis in the foot.

Patients can benefit from:

More spacious shoes, pads or orthotic devices, medication, or ice. If these treatment options do not solve the problem surgery may be recommended.



Anatomy of the Foot:

The foot is a complex structure, containing 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, and 19 muscles. Due to its unique anatomy, the foot is susceptible to a wide range of injuries and conditions and can be the source of significant, often debilitating, pain.

Common causes of foot pain include, but are not limited to:

  • Traumatic injuries, such as fractures and strains
  • Overuse injuries, such as stress fractures
  • Chronic conditions and diseases, such as arthritis, diabetes, and plantar fasciitis
  • Deformities, such as bunions and flatfoot

It may be time to consult a foot specialist if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms of foot pain:

  • Numbness in the foot
  • Pain in the heel, ball, or arch of the foot
  • Inability to perform daily activities without foot pain
  • Change in sensation or color of the skin or toenails
  • Swelling or tenderness in the foot
  • Loss of function
  • Deformity

A consultation our foot doctor, Dr. Paul B. Maloof, is the best way to differentiate between a severe foot condition and minor foot injury.